PRESS BRIEFING BY SOUTH AFRICA’S MINISTER OF TRADE, INDUSTRY AND COMPETITION WITH CEOS AND UNIONS ON WORKER OWNERSHIP STRUCTURES
Leading up to Workers’ Day on 1 May 2021, South Africa's Minister of Trade, Industry and Competition, Minister Ebrahim Patel (Minister), hosted a media briefing on worker empowerment through ownership structures in companies operating across all sectors of the economy. This is a key outcome for government and the next frontier of broad-based empowerment in South Africa.
In his address, the Minister observed that in the wake of COVID-19, South Africa needs to build back its economy differently and better, in order to achieve a greater level of economic inclusion and attain higher levels of growth. He focussed on a number of recent merger transactions in which agreements were reached with government during the course of the merger review process by the competition authorities, which led to worker empowerment schemes being set up. He reported that these five transactions alone have resulted in participation by approximately 29 000 workers, and that more than 150 000 workers are already involved in a structure of this nature, at a value of more than ZAR 100 billion. These structures have resulted in more participation of workers on boards of directors as well as training for these directors and the workers who are the beneficiaries of these structures.
The briefing was joined by the leadership of some global and local companies, involved to date in the implementation of worker ownership structures in partnership with government as well as representatives from trade unions and the Industrial Development Corporation.
Participants highlighted that worker ownership structures add real value to the companies involved and the South African economy as a whole, creating alignment between employees, management and shareholders and assisting to build strong and dynamic firms, in a manner which enhances social cohesion.
The Minister noted that the amendment to section 12(3) of the Competition Act 89, of 1998, which came into effect in July 2019, requires our competition authorities to assess whether any proposed merger with an effect in South Africa will promote a greater spread of ownership, in particular to increase the level of ownership by historically disadvantaged persons and workers in firms in the market. Conditions during the merger review process which require these structures to be put in place are increasingly common.
Going forward, in order to further develop this model of empowerment, the Minister indicated that:
- The Department of Trade, Industry and Competition (DTIC) has established a register of companies which have put worker empowerment structures in place, to facilitate evaluation and tracking of both listed and unlisted companies;
- The DTIC integrated performance plan includes a transformation element which will ensure that incentives are strongly aligned to developing worker ownership structures and maximising South Africa’s investment in industrial development;
- Discussions are already being held in the National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) to review the Companies Act 71 of 2008, in order to allow for even greater worker representation on boards of directors, building on the successful experience of countries like Germany. Government will publish a framework and provide a more detailed briefing in due course; and
- The Minister intends to publish new guidelines in the form of a practice note on broad-based ownership schemes, long term ownership and evergreen structures to complement the existing Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment (B-BEEE) legislation, and provide more clarity in order to promote worker empowerment as part of the owner element of the B-BEEE scorecard.
Parties considering a merger in South Africa should place an even greater focus on these public interest considerations on a proactive basis.